Factory farms have a lot to hide. We’ve all seen undercover footage exposing the horrendous treatment suffered by industry animals that a few brave individuals are able to bring light (as with the recent case involving dairy cow abuse by Central Valley Meat Co. in central California). Perhaps less obvious to the general public is the insidious environmental destruction that results from the massive amounts of waste produced by these operations. This waste degrades the surrounding land and surface waters in what most of us consider to be distant places. To local communities, however, the reality of factory farming is anything but hidden — the smell, the flies, the foul brown water all seep through the land they call home.
I recently had the opportunity to view firsthand the negative impact that factory farms have on the environment and their communities in eastern North Carolina. Farm Sanctuary’s Bruce Friedrich (senior director for strategic initiatives), Nick Ugliuzza (our photographer and videographer), and I were invited as guests of Robert F. Kennedy’s Waterkeeper Alliance, which provides support for communities standing up for their rights to clean water and for the wise and equitable use of water resources, both locally and globally. Among other laudable activities, Waterkeeper Alliance works to enforce Clean Water regulations by documenting water pollution and holding factory farms accountable.
Waterkeeper staff member Larry Baldwin and volunteers Rick Dove and Joanne Somerday were our guides to some shocking sites. North Carolina is second only to Iowa in the number of hogs raised for meat in the United States, and it ranks second to Minnesota in slaughter of turkeys for meat. The chicken industry is also significant and expanding there; in fact, another large scale chicken facility is slated to be built in the state. The waste produced by these Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations (CAFOs) — more aptly described as animal factories — is overwhelming and destructive, and what we saw on our tour deeply saddened us.
We flew over expansive manure “lagoons” on the properties of pig farms; we saw these operations spewing liquid pig manure onto fields, which then flows into surface water and pollutes the environment. Near a road outside one animal factory, we witnessed a cow standing chest deep in water laden with pig manure. We also observed sprinklers spraying liquid manure away from a farm, murky brown water flowing into a ditch, and miserable turkeys crammed into sheds almost the size of a football field.
When we tried to speak with several “farm” owners about their methods and expansion plans, we were rebuffed. The local city council members who were called to meet with concerned citizens were either poorly informed, claiming ignorance about the chicken farm expansion plans, or worse, trying their best to curb any community-wide discussion about the issues. Case in point: The “heads-up” information on plans for expansion of these operations that should have been the starting point of an open dialogue with citizens was posted on a sign declaring that a new slaughterhouse was coming soon and that a meeting would be held to approve it. It’s clear that agribusiness enjoys an imperious influence over town leaders and government policies wherever factory farming sets up shop.
So that’s the bad news.
See Something, Say Something
But the good news is that community activists are beginning to motivate their neighbors to take action. I was struck by how much courage the folks in one community had to speak up about the devastating effects of these animal factories. We spoke to two community activists who grew up in an area that includes factory farms, and they are fighting a chicken farm expansion. We also attended a town meeting with other members of the community who showed up to voice their opposition to a new factory farm. Big Agriculture is entrenched in North Carolina and in other states, and some people are clearly afraid to speak out. But these neighbors challenged the assumptions of local leaders that new (undesirable) jobs or perceived economic gains trump any concerns about the environment or quality of life. Not only are these folks noticing the problems and thinking for themselves, but they are taking the time and energy to voice their concerns to us and to local authorities.
Small Conversations, Big Results
We also met a charismatic former pig farmer named Don Webb, whose neighbors confronted him about the air pollution caused by his pig-farming operation. One person after another spoke to him about the flies, the stench, and the fact that they could no longer enjoy being outside their homes. He told us that he thought of his parents: If something like this were happening to them, he realized that he would absolutely do his best to protect them from the problem. His neighbors effectively educated him about the harm he was causing, and he decided to get out of the business. His story is a testament to the fact that one person can make a difference by starting a conversation.
Uplifting and Inspiring
This trip showed me that people in any community adversely affected by factory farming must gather their voices, stand up, and be heard! It takes courage and fortitude to challenge assumptions and educate your own neighbors, local business owners, and local government leaders. I was inspired to see people in North Carolina stepping up and taking a stand. This type of activism is never easy, but it’s the only way local governments may begin to understand that the factory farming devastation must stop.
I am so horrified and angry over how big business has taken over farming and how egregious they are towards the animals, the environment and their customers who think they are getting a product that is generally healthy and good for them. I have been on the stump, mostly through Facebook and contacting my senators and other elected officials, but I wish there was more I could do.
I became a vegetarian when I was 11, I had just raised money at my school to sponsor all the turkeys at your new york and california sanctuary. Each year we have a thanksgiving community meal and just before we sat down to eat our turkey and sweet potatoes my teacher announced how saved the turkeys! It was met with awkward silence and then eventually everyone start eating. Crazy right? My mom has always been all about eating organic, when i was young i already didn’t agree with the killing of animals but my mom always assured me that our beef had been happily grass fed, and the turkey is within 100 miles from here “i can see them outside in the grass when we drive to grandmas!”shed say. So i never thought about it much, but still many things led up to it. Anyway getting to the point this year in middle school i had been showing some pictures i had taken at the 2012 hoedown i started to tell the story of julia when a boy in my class cut me off and said “why would anyone want to hurt a pig?” like i was some idiot. It supprised me how much most people dont know! I wish there would be more movies like food inc and veducated people need to know! and by the way my mom became a vegetarian after coming to the hoedown and learning about the enviromental impact. one parent down one to go……..
It pains my heart to think of how scared these animals are. And that humans can do this to them. They do not deserve this. We are their voice. This is inhumane. This is cruelty. How do these people who work at these places go to sleep at night?
Thank you for having the courage to look into these horrific killing machines, I become more enlightened every time you bring your experiences to us and show us what is really going on behind the scenes. Good work!
This is horrifying to see. Something must be done about this. Thank you for the exposure to this!
I totally agree with you.If people only were shown where their food comes from I am sure they would be horrified. I would love every meat eater to have a tour of a slaughter house or factory frm facility.
New music video in support of animal rights, “Lucas”, very touching. Posting it or passing it on to family and friends could help bring more people around to thinking of farm animals as thinking and feeling beings, and humans as the often very thoughtless ones. Enjoy.
It is lovely, not shocking or graphic, but lets the animal’s intelligence shine through.
Thank you for supporting this, a million views in support of animal rights could make a big chanfe in public awareness.
Highly energetic article, I enjoyed that a lot. Will there be a part
We will continue to post updates on our work to raise awareness about factory farms.
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